Xue, T., Razmjoo, A., Shetty, S. and Calinon, S. (2024)
Logic-Skill Programming: An Optimization-based Approach to Sequential Skill Planning
In Proc. Robotics: Science and Systems (RSS).


Recent advances in robot skill learning have unlocked the potential to construct task-agnostic skill libraries, facilitating the seamless sequencing of multiple simple manipulation primitives (aka. skills) to tackle significantly more complex tasks. Nevertheless, determining the optimal sequence for independently learned skills remains an open problem, particularly when the objective is given solely in terms of the final geometric configuration rather than a symbolic goal. To address this challenge, we propose Logic-Skill Programming (LSP), an optimization-based approach that sequences independently learned skills to solve long-horizon tasks. We formulate a first-order extension of a mathematical program to optimize the overall cumulative reward of all skills within a plan, abstracted by the sum of value functions. To solve such programs, we leverage the use of Tensor Train to construct the value function space, and rely on alternations between symbolic search and skill value optimization to find the appropriate skill skeleton and optimal subgoal sequence. Experimental results indicate that the obtained value functions provide a superior approximation of cumulative rewards compared to state-of-the-art Reinforcement Learning methods. Furthermore, we validate LSP in three manipulation domains, encompassing both prehensile and non-prehensile primitives. The results demonstrate its capability to identify the optimal solution over the full logic and geometric path. The real-robot experiments showcase the effectiveness of our approach to cope with contact uncertainty and external disturbances in the real world.

Bibtex reference

	author={Xue, T. and Razmjoo, A. and Shetty, S. and Calinon, S.},
	title={Logic-Skill Programming: An Optimization-based Approach to Sequential Skill Planning},
	booktitle={Proc.\ Robotics: Science and Systems ({RSS})},
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